Parable of Sower, Seed and Soils

The parable of Sower, Seed and Soils as taught by Jesus Christ gives a lot of understanding of God's will. The heavenly Father sent Jesus Christ (the word of God made flesh) into the world and would like to dwell in our hearts. Which soil is our heart like, and what are we doing about it?

This is a simple parable, and Jesus Christ explained it. It is a very important parable with many lessons, as Jesus Christ said:

"Know ye not this parable? and how then will ye know all parables? - Jesus Christ, Mark 4:13
Parable of Sower, seed and soils
Here is picture of a man scattering seed in four types of ground. The way side or wayside soil has birds eating seeds. There are wilting plants in stony soil. The soil with thorns is choking out the good plants and the good soil has a good crop.
Matthew 13:3 And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow; And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up: Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth: And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away. And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them: But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.

The Sower is the Heavenly Father

The heavenly Father sent Jesus Christ to earth. Jesus Christ descended from heaven and took on our nature and besides being the son of God became the son of Man. Jesus Christ is the Word of God as the apostle John tells us in John 1.

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

Who does the sower represent? The sower represents the heavenly Father, who was giving his word (Jesus Christ) to these people at this time. Jesus Christ told us that the heavenly father was giving him the words to speak and did the works:

John 14:10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.

The Seed

What does the seed represent? The seed represents the Word of God or Jesus Christ. John 1 tells us that Jesus Christ is the Word of God and is God who came to his own. Just as the seed fell by the wayside, the thorny places, stony places and in good soil, so Jesus Christ came to all. Jesus Christ went to the Jews first, but then salvation went to the uttermost part of the world as foretold by God's prophet Isaiah:

And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth. - Isaiah 49:6

The Soils

The different soils represent our hearts. We are the ones who have the Word of God/ Jesus Christ preached to us. We all receive the Word of God/Jesus Christ because even creation shows us the power and glory of God. The different soils represent the different ways that we respond in our heart to Jesus Christ.

The Way Side or Wayside Soil

Matthew 13:19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side.
Mark 4:15 And these are they by the way side, where the word is sown; but when they have heard, Satan cometh immediately, and taketh away the word that was sown in their hearts.

Ever wonder if Satan is messing with your life? Jesus Christ told us that Satan comes immediately and takes away the word when we don't understand it.

What does the wayside soil represent? We know that it has seed in it. We know that the seed was eaten by the birds. The wayside soil represents people who hear the word of God but don't understand it. Satan takes Jesus Christ out of their heart. Just as the birds eat seeds that lie on the top of the hard wayside soil, so people with hard hearts allow Satan to take away Jesus Christ.

Stony Ground or Stony Soil

Matthew 13:20 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it; Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended.
Mark 4:16 And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness; And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.

What does the stony soil or stony ground represent? We know that it received the word of God or Jesus Christ also. And it says the the person received the word of God with joy. But just like a plant that sends it's roots into soil with rocks, it doesn't have a good root system. Not having a good root system to a plant is like a believer who doesn't have a good understanding of God. So what happens to people who don't understand God? Jesus Christ says that when tribulation or persecution arises because of Jesus Christ, they become offended. There is a blessing to not be offended, as Jesus Christ said:

Matthew 11:6 And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended in me.

If you realize you don't know God well and want to endure persecution, then this parable shows us that we should remove the things that get in the way of understanding and believing in Jesus Christ.

What Does the Sun Represent?

Matthew 13:6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.
Matthew 13:21 Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended.

The sun represents tribulation or persecution against Jesus Christ, the word of God. Just as we know that the sun will rise in the morning, so we can be sure that tribulation and persecution will come to our heart.

Mark 4:6 But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.
Mark 4:17 And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.

Thorny Soil

Matthew 13:7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them:
Matthew 13:22 He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.

Who does the thorny soil represent?

Mark 4:7 And some fell among thorns, and the thorns grew up, and choked it, and it yielded no fruit.
Mark 4:18+ And these are they which are sown among thorns; such as hear the word, and the cares of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, and the lusts of other things entering in, choke the word, and it becometh unfruitful.

The thorny soils represents people who received Jesus Christ but were too taken up with cares of life, deceived by riches, and other things.

I have been deceived by many things that have hindered my relationship with Jesus Christ. Here are some things that can deceive:

  • Self-righteousness
  • Pride
  • that money will make you happy
  • that a certain possession will make you happy
  • prosperity by being busy

Good Ground or Good Soil

Matthew 13:8 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold.
Mark 4:8 And other fell on good ground, and did yield fruit that sprang up and increased; and brought forth, some thirty, and some sixty, and some an hundred.

Who does the good soil represent? (People who heard the word of God, believed it, had faith in God and obeyed the word of God)

Matthew 13:23 But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the word, and understandeth it; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty.
Mark 4:20 And these are they which are sown on good ground; such as hear the word, and receive it, and bring forth fruit, some thirtyfold, some sixty, and some an hundred.
Questions:
  • Which soil didn't allow the seed to grow? (only the wayside soil where the birds/Satan - snatched it away before they could understand it; distraction )
  • Which soil allowed the seed to grow? (All of them except the wayside soil )
  • Which soil allowed a harvest? ( Only the good soil that received the seed, had good depth of earth and was not overtaken with thorns)

The Parable's Affect on My Life

This parable has had a big impact on my life. I have struggled and asked God to remove the hardness and pride when I don't respond to his word in my heart. I have had to read scripture to remove stones that hindered my understanding of Jesus Christ. I have had to cut back on the cares of life so that I've had time to get to know my Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ and the Father. This has dramatically changed my life so that I can be helped more by God and glorify God by praising him.

Summary

The parable of the sower, seed and soils is clearly explained by Jesus Christ and recorded in the gospels of Matthew and Mark. The explanation of the parable, including all four soils or types of ground are laid out clearly. The parable of the soils or the parable of the sower is a simple parable with very important lessons that needs to be understood and must also be understand in order to understand the others parables of Jesus Christ.

Real Bible studies

Parable of Sower

Parable wheat and Tares

Matthew 8:1-4

Matthew 09

Matthew 10

Matthew 10 answers

Matthew 13

Matthew 16

Matthew 28

Luke 12:13

Mark 10:17

Mark 16

Matthew 19:16

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