7 Feasts of the LORD

There are 7 feasts of the LORD. This is found in Leviticus 23:2 where it says And the LORD spake unto Moses saying, speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.

Background for Understanding Timeline of Feasts

The feasts of the LORD are based on the day (evening and morning), new moons which start the months and the first month of the year (the month Abib). See also Gods Calendar.

The first month of the year is Abib. In the month Abib (also called Adar), the passover and feast of unleavened bread are celebrated.

Sometimes people refer to passover with the feast of unleavened bread and call the whole eight days "Passover", or they may refer to the "feast of unleavened bread" and be including the day of passover also. To be precise however, passover is always on the 14th day of the first month, Abib. Passover is celebrated from evening to evening. Passover is always a preparation day. The day after passover is the first day of the feast of unleavened bread (which always begins on the 15th of Abib). The first day of the feast of unleavened bread is always a sabbath.

The feasts of the LORD are always referenced by month and day of the month. There are no references in the Bible to the pagan Julian or Gregorian etc calendar of weeks (Sunday, Monday etc).

The First Month of the Year: Abib or Adar

The first month of the year is Abib. Later the month was called Adar. It begins with a sliver of the new moon. It may land on any day of the week. Because the month goes by the moon cycle and is without regard or concern to which day of the week it is.

The Fourteenth Day of Abib/Adar is Passover Day

On the fourteenth day of the first month is passover day. It is celebrated in the evening until the evening of the 15th day. No leaven was to be eaten on this day. Here are scriptures as starting points for reading:

Exo 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
Exo 12:18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. 
Lev 23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD'S passover.
Num 9:3 In the fourteenth day of this month, at even, ye shall keep it in his appointed season: according to all the rites of it, and according to all the ceremonies thereof, shall ye keep it.

There are many more references, but this should get you started. You can search for the word "passover" or "fourteenth" to find more scripture.

The Fifteenth Day of Abib/Adar is First day of Feast of Unleavened Bread

The feast of unleavened bread is 7 days long. Importantly, the first day of the feast of unleavened bread is a sabbath. That is, no servile word was to be done.

Lev 23:7+ In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. 

The first and last (seventh day) day of the feast of unleavened bread are. So the 15th day of Abib/Adar is a sabbath, and so is the 21st day of Abib/Adar. Somewhere in this 7-day long feast, you will have a seventh day sabbath too. This is important to know when reading the four gospels. The first and last days of the feast of unleavened bread would be called "high days" because they are sabbaths, not don't necessarily land on the 7th day of the week (Saturday).

Here are some verses on the feast of unleavened bread. You can search on words "fifteenth, feast, unleavened..."

Lev 23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
Lev 23:34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD.
Num 28:17 And in the fifteenth day of this month is the feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.

The feast of unleavened bread celebrates the exodus / exiting of the children of Israel from the land of Egypt. We should all be grateful for the LORD's deliverance.

Num 33:3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.
Est_9:21 To stablish this among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly,...

50 Days later..Pentecost

Most of us know the feast of Pentecost from Acts 2. This day always lands on a Sunday, because it is the morrow (the day after) seven sabbaths which totals 50 days. It is counted from the seventh day sabbath that happens during the feast of unleavened bread. Because it is 50 days after this sabbath, it is called "pente" - meaning 50, cost (don't know what cost means :).

Because there are 7 sabbaths to count out, the 7th day sabbath during the feast of unleavened bread is called the "first of the sabbaths", because it is the first one to happen.

Lev 23:15  And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD.

It is interesting to note that Pentecost happens ONCE a year. And the date of Pentecost is ALWAYS 50 days away from the first of the sabbaths (which happens during feast of unleavened bread). So while passover and the feast of unleavened bread are based on the day of the month, this is not the case with Pentecost. Months in God's calendar can have different number of days.

Please note that also that pentecost is a sabbath:

Lev 23:21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.

Trumpet Blowing Day - 1st Day of the 7th Month

Back to feasts based on the month and day of the month, we have one day of blowing of trumpets. It is also a sabbath day. Again, since this day is based on the day number in a month, we only know it is a sabbath (not necessarily a 7th- day sabbath) because God made it a sabbath/holy day.

Lev 23:24  Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation. Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD. 

Day of Atonement - 10th day of 7th Month

Lev 23:27  Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD. And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God. For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people. Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath. 

From this scripture it is reinforced that the sabbath days and the high days were to be celebrated from evening to evening, sunset to sunset. So to celebrate the 10th day, a person starts celebrating on the evening of the 9th of the month through the daylight of the 10th day of the month.

Feast of Tabernacles - Dwelling in Booths - 15th Day of 7th Month

On the 15th day of the seven month was 7 days of dwelling in booths. The first day was a sabbath day. Which means that the 14th day of the month was a day of preparation for this sabbath day.

The last day of the feast of tabernacles was a holy day/ sabbath day / high day also.

Lev 23:36  Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.

Knowing that the full days begin with the evening and end with daylight is important for understanding this verse. Recall that the feast of tabernacles is seven days..

Lev 23:39  Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. 

So why does it say "on the eighth day.." Because the it is celebrated from the 15th to the 21st. But the 15th begins with the evening of the 14th, and the last day lands during daylight of the 21st. So you have 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21...count them out..8 days involved. This is why it's important to know simple things like God starting full days with the evening followed by daylight up til the next sunset.

Conclusion: 7 Holy Sabbaths, 7 Perfect Sabbaths of the LORD

These are the feasts of the LORD and include 7 perfect sabbaths. 2 in feast of unleavened bread, 1 at pentecost, 1 day of trumpet blowing, 1 during day of atonement and 2 during feast of tabernacles. These are called "Seven Perfect Sabbaths" and are the feasts of the LORD.

I think it is great to remember the LORD for what he has done, and how He is so faithful in keeping his word as these seven sabbaths remind us.

Calendar

New Moon

7th day Sabbath

7 Feasts

Passover

Blood Moon

Feast of Tabernacles

Days of Week

Other Calendars

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